Which of the following is the most important thing for a country’s leader to do to ensure the prosperity and success of the country?
1. create more jobs for the unemployed;
2. improve agriculture and lower the food prices;
3. provide affordable housing.
The head of the country performs a crucial role in the development of the nation. If the political leader is a wise decision maker, the country will make a bigger breakthrough. When choosing the priority among creating more job opportunities, increasing agricultural productivity to provide cheaper foods, and giving people an access to affordable housing, a president or a chairman, from my viewpoint, should put emphasis on dealing with the unemployed.
First, to eliminate unemployment helps to maintain social stability, which is a prerequisite for prosperity and development of a country. If the jobless, who have no stable income source, are not well placed, they are likely to take risks and commit various crimes at the end of their rope. Just like an old saying goes, “The devil makes work for idle hands.” Thus, faced with increasing crimes, without safety and stability, a lack of jobs can shake the nation to its very foundations and no strong economy can be built on.
Second, to provide more jobs generates market vitality. Having jobs ensures millions of job seekers more disposable income, and leads to a stronger purchasing power, which encourages greater domestic consumption. Thereupon, various industries will be stimulated and propelled. Take the car industry as an example, an increasing number of people, with the accruing wealth, will purchase private cars to commute to their work place. As a result, the automobile industry will experience a booming period. The same logic can also be true to other industries and fields, so the whole nation will usher in an era of prosperity in the end.
Cheaper food and housing are seemingly effective; however, these two practices would hinder economic development in the long run. The low price of food will harm the benefit of food producers and affect the agricultural industry; and an increasing housing affordability may put a damper on citizens’ passion for creating wealth and thus decrease the dynamics of the whole society. That is to say, when the price is so cheap that nearly everyone can easily afford it, no one will work hard.
Lao Tsu once said, “Give a man a fish and you feed him for a day; teach a man to fish and you feed him for a lifetime.” As for today, give a man money is no better than giving a man a job to make money. Creating more jobs for the unemployed not only promotes social stability, but also brings vigor to national economy.
这道题问：以下哪个是国家领导人保证国家繁荣最重要的因素？1. 向未就业人员提供更多工作机会；2. 发展农业，降低食品价格；3. 提供人们买得起的房子。
1. social stability: 社会稳定
2. market vitality: 市场活力
3. domestic consumption: 国内消费
4. in the long run: 长远来看
5. usher in: 领进，进入